Secure data storage and service automation for cyber physical production systems through distributed ledger technologies
Gordon Lemme 1  
,   Kilian Armin Nölscher 1  
,   Erhao Bei 2  
,   Christian Hermeling 1  
,   Steffen Ihlenfeldt 2, 1  
 
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1
Cyber-Physical Production Systems, Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Germany
2
Chair of Machine Tools Development and Adaptive Controls, TU Dresden, Germany
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kilian Armin Nölscher   

Cyber-Physical Production Systems, Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Germany
Submission date: 2020-11-09
Final revision date: 2020-12-15
Acceptance date: 2020-12-22
Online publication date: 2021-03-29
Publication date: 2021-03-29
 
Journal of Machine Engineering 2021;21(1):89–97
 
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
In this paper, we use the blockchain technology to design a prototype to secure process data from a 3D-printer. Datastreams are gathered from various sources such as OPC UA servers and autonomous retrofit sensor nodes. This is followed by pre-processing for data reduction, storage in a data model, and the generation of a unique hash value over it. The hash values are stored in a blockchain using appropriate consensus methods, taking into account their temporal origin and production identification number. This also includes the context-related influence of sensor signals on the production process Restrictive access regulations using smart contracts make a partially or fully automated machine tool calibration possible. In this context, we show to realize a process partial or full automation through smart contracts. Physical machine tools and virtual simulations are integrated into the blockchain network to document the stability and performance.
 
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ISSN:1895-7595