A Comparative Thermal Analysis of Two Workpiece Materials of Different Machinability When Turning Based on Ir Thermography
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Department of Machine Design and Maintenance, AGH University of Krakow, Poland
Department of Transport Equipment and Technologies , S. Seifullin Kazakh Agro Technical Research University, Kazakhstan
Department of Organization of Transport, Traffic and Transport Operations, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
Department of Technological Machines and Equipment, S.Seifullin Kazakh Agro Technical Research University, Kazakhstan
Department of Manufacturing Systems, AGH University of Krakow, Poland
Submission date: 2024-01-12
Final revision date: 2024-02-15
Acceptance date: 2024-02-25
Online publication date: 2024-03-08
Publication date: 2024-04-02
Corresponding author
Michał Bembenek   

Department of Manufacturing Systems, AGH University of Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059, Kraków, Poland
Journal of Machine Engineering 2024;24(1):50-59
The comparative thermography analysis of temperature during machining by turning was presented. For the tests cast iron EN-GJL 250 and stainless steel 1.4301 were used. The machining by turning was performed with the TNMG 220408HS PC9030 and TNMA 220208 NC6210 cutting inserts design for machining that kind of materials. The temperature was measured on the machined material and on the surface of the cutting insert. The temperature distribution was performed during 3 subsequent turning passes; therefore, the coolant was not used during machining. The emissivity of TNMG 220408HS PC9030 and TNMA 220208 NC6210 cutting inserts was performed. In the case of EN-GJL-250 cast iron, the tests have shown that due to safety reasons (the lack of the safety cover in the working area of the lathe) it was impossible to perform the measurements at the highest assumed machining speed of 339.1 m/min. The higher average temperatures in the cmaterial were recorded for 1.4301 steel, even though the machining process was performed at a much lower machining speed than in the case of EN-GJL-250 cast iron. The average cutting insert temperature when turning EN-GJL-250 cast iron was approximately 100°C higher than for 1.4301 steel.
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