Assembly Improvement with the Use of the Schmigalla Method
More details
Hide details
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Bielsko-Biala Willowa 2, 43-300 Bielsko-Biała, Poland
Submission date: 2020-11-11
Final revision date: 2021-05-08
Acceptance date: 2021-05-10
Online publication date: 2021-06-10
Publication date: 2021-06-25
Corresponding author
Izabela Kutschenreiter-Praszkiewicz   

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Bielsko-Biala Willowa 2, 43-300 Bielsko-Biała, Poland, Willowa 2, 43-309, Bielsko-Biała, Poland
Journal of Machine Engineering 2021;21(2):116-130
One of the important issues in production is the improvement of the assembly process, which involves the assembly of the product, as well as changeover and maintenance. Improving assembly, resulting from the appropriate layout of workstations, is crucial for both employees and robots performing routine assembly operations. This article discusses improving assembly using the Schmigalla method (also known as the Bloch-Schmigalla method or the triangular method), which is one of the heuristic layout planning methods. The article analyzes the selected assembly task and characterizes the main activities and equipment, on the basis of which the proper arrangement of equipment at the assembly station was determined. Based on the numerical data, the advantages of using the Schmigalla method to improve the location of the assembly station equipment are presented.
SCHEDIN J., SVENSSON HARARI N., JACKSON M., DELERYD M., 2016, Management of Newness in an Assembly System, Journal of Machine Engineering, 16/1, 92–108.
KARWASZ A., CHABOWSKI P., 2016, Productivity Increase Through Reduced Changeover Time, Journal of Machine Engineering, 16/2. 61–70.
JOSHI R., NAIK G.R., 2012, Application of SMED Methodology – A Case Study in Small Scale Industry, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2/8, 1–4.
CARRIZO MOREIRA A., CAMPOS SILVA PAIS G., 2011, Single Minute Exchange of Die: – A Case Study Implementation, Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 6/1, 129–146.
BERNA U., 2011, An Application of SMED Methodology, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 5/7, 1194–1197.
TAE-HYOUNG P., KYUNG-MIN K., 2014, Optimization Algorithm for PCB Assembly of Modular Mounters, International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, 12/2, 399–405.
CHOI A.C.K., CHAN D.S.K., YUEN A.M.F., 2002, Application of Virtual Assembly Tools for Improving Product Design, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 19, 377–383.
COHEN Y., FACCIO M., PILATI F., YAO X., 2019, Design and Management of Digital Manufacturing and Assembly Systems in the Industry 4.0 era, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 105, 3565–3577.
SANTOCHI M., 2003, CAPP Systems for Machining, Assembly, and Disassembly Operations, Dashchenko A.I. (eds) Manufacturing Technologies for Machines of the Future, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
LOZANO J., SAENZ-DÍEZ J.C., MARTÍNEZ E., JIMÉNEZ E., BLANCO J., 2017, Methodology to Improve Machine Changeover Performance on Food Industry Based on SMED, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol, 90, 3607–3618.
CAKMAKCI M., KARASU M.K., 2007, Set-Up Time Reduction Process and Integrated Predetermined Time System MTM-UAS: A Study of Application in a Large Size Company of Automobile Industry, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 33, 334–344.
BORAN S., EKINCIOĞLU C., 2017, A Novel Integrated SMED Approach for Reducing Setup Time, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 92, 3941–3951.
ALMOMANI M.A., ALADEEMY M., ABDELHADI A., MUMANI A., 2013, A Proposed Approach for Setup Time Reduction Through Integrating Conventional SMED Method with Multiple Criteria Decision Making Techniques, Comput. Ind. Eng., 66/2, 461–469.
THARISHENEPREM S., 2008, Achieving Full Fungibility and Quick Changeover by Turning Knobs in Tape and Reel Machine by Applying SMED Theory, Proceedings of the 33rd IEEE/CPMT International Electronics Manufacturing Technology (IEMT), Symposium.
FERRADÁS P.G., SALONITIS K., 2013, Improving Changeover Time: A Tailored SMED Approach for Welding Cells, Procedia CIRP, 7, 598–603.
CAKMAKCI M., 2009, Process Improvement: Performance Analysis of the Setup Time Reduction-SMED in the Automobile Industry, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 41, 168–179.
BANDUKA N., MLADINEO M. ERIC M., 2017, Designing a Layout Using Schmigalla Method Combined with Software Tool Vistable, Int. J. Simul. Model., 16/3, 375–385.
MAŁACHOWSKI J., ZIÓŁKOWSKI J., SZKUTNIK-ROGOŻ J., LĘGAS A., OSZCZYPAŁA M., 2020, Application of the Bloch-Schmigalla Method to Optimize the Organization of the Process of Repairing Unmanned Ground Vehicles, Advances in Science and Technology Research Journal, 14/3, 39–48.
MARTYNIAK Z., 1996, Methods for Organizing Work Processes, PWE, Warszawa, (in Polish).
MEYER U.B., CREUX S.E., WEBER MARIN A.K., 2006, Process Oriented Analysis: Design and Optimization of Industrial Production Systems, CRC Press.
BURDUK A., GÓRNICKA D., 2016, Improving Material Flow and Production Site Placement on the Example of a Small Production Enterprise, Gospodarka Materiałowa i Logistyka, 6, 23–43, (in Polish).
KOWALSKI A., MARUT T., 2012, Hybrid Methods Aiding Organisational and Technological Production Preparation Using Simulation Models of Nonlinear Production Systems, Corchado E., Snášel V., Abraham A., Woźniak M., Graña M., Cho SB. (eds), Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems, HAIS, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7209, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
SCHOLZ-REITER B., TOONEN C., TERV J., 2011, Investigation of the Influence of Capacities and Layout on a Job-Shop-System’s Dynamics, H.-J. Kreowski et al. (eds.), Dynamics in Logistics, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
KUTSCHENREITER-PRASZKIIEWCZ I., 2019, Assembly Process Layout Planning of Customized Products, Gospodarka Materiałowa i Logistyka, tom LXXI, 4, 2–13, (in Polish).
RIEDEL R., JENTSCH D., HORBACH S., ACKERMANN J., MÜLLER E., 2013, Agile Planning Processes, Prabhu V., Taisch M., Kiritsis D. (Eds.): APMS, Part I, IFIP AICT 414, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, 143–150.
WOJTUSIAK M., 2020, Improvements to the Production Process Implemented in the Maintenance Department, Thesis ATH, Bielsko-Biała, (in Polish).
HO W., JI P., 2007, Optimal Production Planning for PCB Assembly, Springer-Verlag London Limited.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top