Lightweight Plastic Gear Body using Gyroid Structure for Additive Manufacturing
More details
Hide details
Mechanical Engineering, HoChiMinh City University of Technology (HCMUT)- VNUHCM, Viet Nam
Loc Huu Nguyen   

Mechanical Engineering, HoChiMinh City University of Technology (HCMUT)- VNUHCM, 268 Ly Thuong Kiet, Dít 10, HoChiMinh City, 700000, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
Submission date: 2022-10-20
Final revision date: 2022-11-30
Acceptance date: 2022-12-02
Online publication date: 2022-12-06
Publication date: 2022-12-22
Journal of Machine Engineering 2022;22(4):21–42
The Triply Periodic Minimal Surfaces (TPMS) structure can optimize the design to reduce weight. Currently, the fabrication of gears with complex internal structures such as TPMS is possible thanks to additive manufacturing. This study investigates the mechanical properties of a TPMS structure when applied to Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) plastic gears. The research content includes displacement, deformation, and Von-mises stress intending to evaluate the stiffness and strength of gears. The structure used to optimize the gear mass is the Gyroid structure, and to apply the Gyroid structure to optimize mass while ensuring gear performance. This study also provides a mass lean process for gear designers. It uses design of experiments methods to choose a suitable topology structure, and the final research result is a regression equation, which clearly shows the close relationship between the volume reduction and displacement with the specified control variables of the unit cell.
AGMA 920-B15, Materials for Plastic Gears, in American Gear Manufacturers Association, 1001 N. Fairfax Street, Suite 500, Alexandria, Virginia 22314. Available:
DAVIS J.R., 2005, Plastics, in Gear Materials, Properties, and Manufacture, J.R. Davis, Ed. ASM International, 77–88.
VDI 2736 Sheet 1, 2016, Thermoplastic Gear Wheels – Materials, Material Selection, Production Methods, Production Tolerances, Form Design. Beuth Verlag.
STARZHINSKY V.E., 2013, Polymer Gears, in Encyclopedia of Tribology, Q. J. Wang and Y.-W. Chung, Eds. Springer, 2592–2602.
LI D., LIAO W., DAI N., DONG G., TANG Y., XIE Y.M., 2018, Optimal Design and Modeling of Gyroid-Based Functionally Graded Cellular Structures for Additive Manufacturing, Comput. Des.,
KUO Y.H., CHENG C.C., LIN Y.S., SAN C.H., 2017, Support Structure Design in Additive Manufacturing Based on Topology Optimization, Struct. Multidiscip. Optim., 57/1, 183–195, Jul. 2017,
NAZIR A., ABATE K.M., KUMAR A., JENG J.Y., 2019, A State-of-the-Art Review on Types, Design, Optimization, and Additive Manufacturing JENG of Cellular Structures, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 3489–3510, 104/9, Jul. 2019,
WU L. et al., 2018, Optical Performance Study of Gyroid-Structured TiO2 Photonic Crystals Replicated from Natural Templates Using a Sol-Gel Method, Adv. Opt. Mater., 6/21,
WESTER T., 2002, Nature Teaching Structures: Int. J. Sp. Struct., 17/2–3, 135–147,
DE PASQUALE G., MONTEMURRO M., 2018, A Catapano, G. Bertolino, and L. Revelli, Cellular Structures from Additive Processes: Design, Homogenization and Experimental Validation, Procedia Struct. Integr., 8, 75–82,
RIVA L., GINESTRA P.S., CERETTI E., 2021, Mechanical Characterization and Properties of Laser-Based Powder Bed–Fused Lattice Structures: a Review, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 113, 649–671,
AL-KETAN O., AL-RUB R.K.A., ROWSHAN R., 2017, Mechanical Properties of a New Type of Architected Interpenetrating Phase Composite Materials, Adv. Mater. Technol., 2/2, Feb. 2017,
DU PLESSIS A., YADROITSAVA I., YADROITSEV I., LE ROUX S.G., BLAINE D.C. 2018, Numerical Comparison of Lattice Unit Cell Designs for Medical Implants by Additive Manufacturing, 13/4, 266–281, Oct. 2018,
YAN C., HAO L., HUSSEIN A., RAYMONT D., 2012, Evaluations of cellular lattice structures manufactured using selective laser melting, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 62, 32–38, 2012.06.002.
BENEDETTI M., DU PLESSIS A., RITCHIE R.O., DALLAGO M., RAZAVI S.M.J., BERTO F., 2021, Architected Cellular Materials: A Review On Their Mechanical Properties Towards Fatigue-Tolerant Design And Fabrication, Mater. Sci. Eng. R Reports, 144, 100606, Apr. 2021,
TAO W., LEU M.C., 2016, Design of Lattice Structure for Additive Manufacturing, Int. Symp. Flex. Autom., 325–332, Dec. 2016,
NAGESHA B.K., DHINAKARAN., VARSHA SHREE V.M., MANOJ KUMAR K.P., CHALAWADI D., SATHISH T., 2020, Review on characterization and impacts of the lattice structure in additive manufacturing, Mater. Today Proc., 21, 916–919,
BARBA D., ALABORT E., R.C. REED, 2019, Synthetic Bone: Design by Additive Manufacturing, Acta Biomater., 97, 637–656,
ABUEIDDA D.W., ELHEBEARY M., (ANDREW) SHIANG C.S., PANG S., Abu Al-RUB., R.K., JASIUK I.M., 2019, Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Polymeric Gyroid Cellular Structures: Experimental and finite element study, Mater. Des., 165, 107597,
BIROSZ M.T., LEDENYÁK D., ANDÓ M., 2022, Effect of FDM Infill Patterns on Mechanical Properties, Polym. Test., 13, 107654,
BULDUK M.E., ÇALIŞKAN C.İ., COŞKUN M., ÖZER G., KOÇ E., 2021, Comparison of the Effect of Different Topological Designs and Process Parameters on Mechanical Strength in Gears, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 2021 1199, 119/9, 6707–6716,
LOC N.H., T. HUNG Q., 2021, Optimization of Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness and Productivity when Milling Wood Materials, J. Mach. Eng., 21/4, 72–89,
MALÁKOVÁ S., PUŠKÁR, FRANKOVSKÝ M.P., SIVÁK S., HARACHOVÁ D., 2021, Influence of the Shape of Gear Wheel Bodies in Marine Engines on the Gearing Deformation and Meshing Stiffness, J. Mar. Sci. Eng., 9, 1060, 9/10, 1060, Sep. 2021,