The Additive-Subtractive Process Chain - a Review
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Institute for Machine Tools - IfW, University of Stuttgart, Germany
Submission date: 2022-12-09
Final revision date: 2023-03-08
Acceptance date: 2023-03-10
Online publication date: 2023-03-15
Publication date: 2023-04-12
Corresponding author
Hans-Christian Moehring   

Institute for Machine Tools - IfW, University of Stuttgart, Holzgartenstr. 17, 70174, Stuttgart, Germany
Journal of Machine Engineering 2023;23(1):5-35
In recent years, metal additive manufacturing developed intensively and became a relevant technology in industrial production of highly complex and function integrated parts. However, almost all additively manufactured parts must be post-processed in order to fulfil geometric tolerances, surface quality demands and the desired functional properties. Thus, additive manufacturing actually means the implementation of additive-subtractive process chains. Starting with the most relevant additive processes (powder-based PBF-LB, LMD-p and wire-based WAAM and LMD-w/WLAM), considering intermediate process steps (heat treatment and shot peening) and ending up with post-processing material removal processes (with defined and undefined cutting edges), this paper gives an overview of recent research findings with respect to a comprehensive scientific investigation of influences and interactions within the additive-subtractive process chain. This includes both the macroscopic geometric scale and the microscopic scale of the material structure. Finally, conclusions and future perspectives are derived and discussed.
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BECKER D., BOLEY S.; EISSELER R., STEHLE T., MÖHRING H.-C., ONUSEIT V., HOßFELD M., GRAF T., 2021, Influence of a Closed‑Loop Controlled Laser Metal Wire Deposition Process of S Al 5356 on the Quality of Manufactured Parts Before and After Subsequent Machining, Prod. Eng., 15, 489–507.
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MÖHRING H.-C., BECKER D., EISSELER R., STEHLE T., REEBER T., 2022, Influence of the Manufacturing Parameters of an AlMg5 Wire–Based Hybrid Production Process on Quality and Mechanical Properties, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 119, 2445–2460.
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SANAEI N., FATEMI A., 2021, Defects in Additive Manufactured Metals and their Effect on Fatigue Performance: A State-of-the-Art Review, Prog. Mat. Sci., 117, 100724.
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TENKAMP J., STERN F., WALTHER F., 2022, Uniform Fatigue Damage Tolerance Assessment for Additively Manufactured and Cast Al-Si Alloys: an Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanical Approach, Additive Manuf. Letters, 3, December, 100054,
MALAKIZADI A., et al., 2022, Post-Processing of Additively Manufactured Metallic Alloys – A Review, Int. J. of Mach. T. Manuf., 179, 103908.
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