The Additive-Subtractive Process Chain - a Review
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Institute for Machine Tools - IfW, University of Stuttgart, Germany
Hans-Christian Moehring   

Institute for Machine Tools - IfW, University of Stuttgart, Holzgartenstr. 17, 70174, Stuttgart, Germany
Submission date: 2022-12-09
Final revision date: 2023-03-08
Acceptance date: 2023-03-10
Online publication date: 2023-03-15
In recent years, metal additive manufacturing developed intensively and became a relevant technology in industrial production of highly complex and function integrated parts. However, almost all additively manufactured parts must be post-processed in order to fulfil geometric tolerances, surface quality demands and the desired functional properties. Thus, additive manufacturing actually means the implementation of additive-subtractive process chains. Starting with the most relevant additive processes (powder-based PBF-LB, LMD-p and wire-based WAAM and LMD-w/WLAM), considering intermediate process steps (heat treatment and shot peening) and ending up with post-processing material removal processes (with defined and undefined cutting edges), this paper gives an overview of recent research findings with respect to a comprehensive scientific investigation of influences and interactions within the additive-subtractive process chain. This includes both the macroscopic geometric scale and the microscopic scale of the material structure. Finally, conclusions and future perspectives are derived and discussed.
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