Method of Monitoring of the Grinding Process with Lapping Kinematics Using Audible Sound Analysis
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Department of Manufacturing and Production Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Ship Technology, Poland
Mariusz Deja   

Department of Manufacturing and Production Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Ship Technology, G. Narutowicza, 80-233, Gdansk, Poland
Submission date: 2022-11-20
Final revision date: 2022-12-07
Acceptance date: 2022-12-07
Online publication date: 2022-12-09
Publication date: 2022-12-22
Journal of Machine Engineering 2022;22(4):71–81
Utilising microphones as audible sound sensors for monitoring a single-side grinding process with lapping kinematics is presented in the paper. The audible sound generated during grinding depended on the cutting properties of electroplated tools with D107 diamond grains and different thicknesses of the nickel bond. The tool wear affected the obtained technological effects such as material removal rate and the surface roughness of Al2O3 ceramic samples. The relationship between the quantities that characterise the sound signal and the surface roughness of machined surfaces was examined with the use of spectral analysis of the sound signal in the frequency domain with a focus on the Ra parameter. The decreasing amplitude indicated a better surface finish, down to Ra = 0.23 µm. The developed method and the obtained results will facilitate the practical use of the electroplated tools in the lap-grinding technology without interrupting the process before obtaining the required surface roughness.
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