Design Optimization of Compliant Mechanisms for Vibration- Assisted Machining Applications Using a Hybrid Six Sigma, RSM-FEM, and NSGA-II Approach
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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education, Viet Nam
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Nam Sai Gon Polytechnic College, Viet Nam
Faculty of Natural Sciences Teacher Education, Dong Thap University, Viet Nam
Huy-Tuan Pham   

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education, 01 Vo Van Ngan, Thu Duc, Viet Nam
Submission date: 2023-05-03
Final revision date: 2023-05-24
Acceptance date: 2023-05-25
Online publication date: 2023-05-28
Publication date: 2023-06-12
Journal of Machine Engineering 2023;23(2):135–158
Vibration-assisted machining, a hybrid processing method, has been gaining considerable interest recently due to its advantages, such as increasing material removal rate, enhancing surface quality, reducing cutting forces and tool wear, improving tool life, or minimizing burr formation. Special equipment must be designed to integrate the additional vibration energy into the traditional system to exploit those spectacular characteristics. This paper proposes the design of a new 2-DOF high-precision compliant positioning mechanism using an optimization process combining the response surface method, finite element method, and Six Sigma analysis into a multi-objective genetic algorithm. The TOPSIS method is also used to select the best solution from the Pareto solution set. The optimum design was fabricated to assess its performance in a vibration-assisted milling experiment concerning surface roughness criteria. The results demonstrate significant enhancement in both the manufacturing criteria of surface quality and the design approach criteria since it eliminates modeling errors associated with analytical approaches during the synthesis and analysis of compliant mechanisms.
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